Neil Pollock Website > Earlwood > Sydney > Australia > History > Grange & Gilgin


Passenger no. 197 - Ellen Gilgan. Occupation, domestic servant. Was living in Dublin. Roman Catholic. Could read but not write. Listed age 21, real age 16. Engaged to be employed by Mrs. Swindles of Chilwell

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Grange & Gilgin

History heading

Grange and Gilgan Family

Richard Grange (1833-1907)

Richard Grange or Grainge was christened 9th June 1833 at Bradwell-near-sea, Essex, England. According to Des Brennan in the book Coaches Called Here: a history of Buangor and surrounding districts:

[He] came to Australia about 1852 and to the district about 1864. Settling first in Buangor he soon afterwards selected land adjoining the main road about 5km east of Buangor. The rate books of the Shire of Ararat indicate that in 1880 he paid rates on 110 acres and a house in that area. His wife was formerly Ellen Gilligan whom he married in Ballarat probably in the late 1850s. Together they raised a family of six daughters and two sons. He was active in public affairs playing a major role in securing a railway siding for Middle Creek and as secretary of the Buangor cemetery trust from the origins of its records 1884 until his death . Richard Grange died in April 1907 and is buried in the Buangor cemetery, as is his youngest daughter Ada Emily (Farrell)

He married Ellen Gilgin (1837-1920)(Gilgan or Gilligan - are also used) at Christ Church Ballarat on 3rd November 1857, under the rites of the Church of England. At the time of their marriage he was a storeman of Ballarat, and she a servant, also of Ballarat. From 1886 he was also a committee member of the Middle Creek Church of England. He died at his farm at Middle Creek on 1 April 1907.

However I also have this unverified information from Richard Grange's grandson:

Grandfather Grange came from England and was educated at Cambridge. They met and married at Ballarat and for some time lived at Ballarat, leaving after the Eureka Stockade. Grandma's two brothers took part in that fight, and after, left Victoria for California USA. After leaving Ballarat, Grandfather Grange settled on some land at Middle Creek, raising a family of seven - 5 girls and 2 boys; girls - Sofia, Elizabeth, Maud, Mary and Ada; boys - Albert and William. Albert a blacksmith and later a wheat farmer in W.A. William a police inspector at Russell Street Melbourne. Sofia went to W.A. and married, making a fortune out of water, as it was the only well for miles in the desert. Elizabeth, Mary and Ada all married and lived in Melbourne.

The Grange's in England

The following records are as per the International Genealogical Index (IGI). Richard Grange's parents were William Grange and Elizabeth Baker Firmin from Essex.

William Grange was a miller. UK census records indicate that we was born between 1785 and 1791. The place of birth was Marks Tey, Essex, a small village about five miles southwest of Colchester. According to the IGI a William Grange was christened at Marks Tey to Will and Ann Grange on 27 Sep 1783. A William Grange married Elizabeth Firmin 17 August 1829 at St Dunstan's Stepney in the East end of London. I think it is possible that he married again to an Elizabeth Baker, but I suspect he married Elizabeth (nee Baker) who was first married to a Mr Firman.

In 1841 the Grange family lived in Mill Lane, Bradwell-Near-Sea (also known as Bradwell-Juxta-Mare and Bradwell-On-Sea). William was a miller, By the 1851 census they had moved about ten few miles south of Bradwell to 54 Mile Road, Burnham. He was listed as then being 65 years. A William Grange died in the Maldon registry district (Maldon being the substantial town of the area) in 1853.

His wife Elizabeth Grange was born at Borley, in northern Essex - just west of Sudbury - in about 1797. The IGI records the christening of an Elizabeth Baker at Borley on 29 March 1796. An Elizabeth Baker Grange died in the Maldon registrary district in 1862.

The following appear to be the children of William Grange

  1. Hezekiah Grange Firman (male), born to Elizabeth Baker Firmin; christened 24 Aug 1828 at Bradwell-near-sea. A Hezekiah Grange died in the Maldon district in the 4th quarter of 1838.
  2. Richard Lozae Grange, born to William Grange/Elizabeth Baker; chr. 7 Mar 1830. He died in infancy.
  3. Richard Lozac? Grange, born William Grange/Elizabeth; chr. 18 Dec 1831. He also died in infancy.
  4. Richard Grange, christened 9 Jun 1833. He was living with his parents at the 1841 and 1851 censuses.
  5. Julianne Grange, christened 8 Feb 1835. Also called Julia. She was living at home in Burnham at the 1851 census, but is not listed at the 1841 census.
  6. Horatio Grange, christened 4 Dec 1836. At the 1861 census he was living in East Hanningfield, Essex, a small village about four miles south of Chelmsford and close to Bradwell, Burnham and Maldon. He was then aged 26, married to Louisa (who was born in nearby Danbury), was a grocer & draper, with two children born at E. Hanningfield; Harriet, 2 years & Elizabeth, 11 months. A 15 year old female general servant lived with them and his sister Sophia was visiting.
  7. Joseph Grange, christened 2 Jun 1839. He died in infancy.
  8. William Grange, christened 2 Jun 1839. It looks like both these twins died in infancy
  9. Sophia Amelia Grange, christened 22 Nov 1840. She died in the Maldon district, aged 35 in 1876.

At Bradwell according to the 1841 census a female servant and a mill apprentice lived with the Granges. In 1851 at Burnham they also had a house servant. It may be that although doomed to lose most of their children the Granges where economically reasonably comfortable.

Ellen Gilgan (1837-1920) and Ireland

Ellen Gilgin or Gilgan was born in Kingscourt, County Cavan, Ireland. She sailed from Plymouth 10th March 1855 on the "Ravencraig" (sometimes recorded as "Ravenscraig"). The ship arrived at Geelong 28 June 1855. It contained 229 adults, most of them young single women from Ireland. She is described in the passenger lists as Passenger no. 197 ; Ellen Gilgan. Occupation, domestic servant. Was living in Dublin. Roman Catholic. Could read but not write. Age 21 (seemingly wrong, her age being more likely 17 or 18. She was engaged to be employed by Mrs. Swindles of Chilwell (part of Geelong).

A descendant has written:

My mother said that Richard always referred to Ellen as "the bond woman" - meaning that she was an indentured servant upon her arrival. Ellen was married according to the rites of the Church of England but she was a devout Roman Catholic. Richard insisted upon the children being brought up as protestant - but relented and let the last child be brought up catholic.
I think Ellen must have had a very difficult life being married to a man who did not respect her, she had lost her family, her friends, her way of life, her culture and her country. I often think of her and how hard her life must have been and I always wondered when I heard Irish music why I cried - now I know why. Ellen is one of my very favourite ancestors.

Her parents were Patrick Gilgan, or Gilgin, a farmer, and Bridget Carr. The name Gilgan was common only in the Sligo area somewhat to the west of where Ellen was born. I speculate that during the upheavals of 19th century Patrick Gilgan may have moved from the north-west to the midlands area (Kingscourt) and, perhaps, eventually to Dublin. The Griffith's Index of 1856 lists a John Carr as leasing a house and yard at 47 Market St Kingscourt - perhaps a relative or grandparent of Ellen. In the Dublin census of household heads from 1851 there are no Patrick Gilgans but 10 Patrick Gilligans (or similar spelling) and two Bridget Gilligans.

As opposed to the information above her grandson wrote in the 1970s that "Grandma Grange's name was O'Shea and came from County Clare, Ireland".

Ellen married Richard Grange in 1857 and they had 8 children. She died 10th April 1920 at 135 Napier Street, South Melbourne, aged 82 years; and is buried in the Catholic section of Burwood cemetery.

The Children of Richard Grange and Ellen Gilgan

  1. Elizabeth Grange (Green) (1858, Middle Creek, Buangor-1934 Port Melbourne)
    She married Alexander Joseph Green (15 Mar 1865 Ararat - 1920 South Melbourne) in 1891, His parents were George Durston Green and Mary Ann Ward. In 1903 Alexander and Elizabeth lived at 215 Dorcas Street South Melbourne and by 1914 at 135 Napier Street, South Melbourne. He was a driver.
  2. Their children included:
    1. Ruth Ellen Green (Rowan)(1891 Natimuk-?).
      Ruth married Sydney Leonard Rowan (1886-1953) in Victoria in 1912. He was a boatman, sailor, mariner and master mariner. They lived at 51 Evans Street Port Melbourne most of their married life. She was still at this address in 1954. In 1920 Sydney was chief officer of the dredge Henry Melkan in Port Phillip Bay.
    2. Elizabeth Mary Ann Green (1893-1894)
      Born in Footscray.
    3. Alexander Joseph Ward Green (1897-24.8.1931)
      "Wardie" Green went to the first world war. In the enlistment papers of Alexander Joseph Green of 1915 it is stated that he lived at 135 Napier St, South Melbourne. That is his parents address - and the address where his grandmother Ellen Grange (nee Gilgin) died in 1920. His service record states that he embarked on the Beltana on 11 Sep 1915. There is 24 pages of information there. He married Lillian Feodore Polkinghorne. They had three children: Keith, Ron and Vernon. In 1924 they lived at 162 Coventry Street, South Melbourne. He died aged 34 when living at Shaftesbury Street Coburg.
    4. Mary Veronica Green (Carlos/Ferrisey)(1901-1983)
      She married John Harold Carlos (1901-1928). She had a daughter, Veronica Mavis Carlos who died in 1923 in infancy. In 1924 the lived at 410 Graham Street Port Melbourne, he was a gramophone fitter and she a factory worker. Mary Green in 1929 married William Ferrisey of 296 Ross Street Port Melbourne, a cook, later chef. They lived for about 40 years at 31 Wallingford Street Cheltenham. He has born in Cardiff, Wales in 1900. In 1938 he was held up in his shop. Norine Elisabeth Ferrisey and Ruth Marie Ferrisey may be their children.

  3. Sophia Amelia Grange (Hallett) (1860-1939)
    Born in Ballarat, she married Henry R. Hallett (also known as Regia Henry Hallett)(1870-1925) at Broken Hill in 1892 NSW Reg 2763. Twins Victoria M. Hallett and Henry R. Hallett (Jr) were born at Broken Hill in 1893 NSW Reg 8207 & 8208. According to a letter from Harry Meier "Sofia went to W.A. and married, making a fortune out of water, as it was the only well for miles in the desert". Their third child, Selby Grange Hallett was born in the mining settlement of Day Dawn in Western Australia in 1895. By 1897 Henry Hallett had a bakery in Cue with with a Mr Leyshon. In 1898 they had a bakery and dairy. Soon after Henry Hallett moved to the Geraldton area. He was a dairy farmer of Chapman Road Geraldton and a director of the Victoria Co-op Flour Mill. He also had a wheat farm north of Geraldton at Oakabella "5 miles west of Isseka siding". They moved to Perth in about 1917, living first at 7 Colin Street West Perth and then 101 of the same street. Henry R. Hallett died on 17 June 1925.

    According to an obituary his death "was greeting with very great respect by a wide circle of friends, though it was not altogether unexpect ed, as it was known his health of late had occasioned great anxiety. Mr. Hallett, who was about 55 or 56 years of age, came to Western Australia from Broken Hill, and engaged in the dairying business at Cue. After a short while he removed to Geraldton. Here he conducted a dairying business for many years, subsequently disposing of it to Messrs. Dunn Brothers. Mr. Hallett also successfully carried on farming at Oakabella for about 20 years, and was also interested in other activities, being for several years chairman of directors of the Victoria District Flour Mill. A shrewd, genial man, he was held in the highest esteem. A few years ago he removed to Perth, and of late his health had gradually failed".

    Sophia Amelia's death notice reads "On January 25, 1939, at Perth, Sophia Amelia Hallett, of Perth and formerly of Geraldton, relict of the late Regia Henry Hallett, loved mother of Maud Victoria [also known as Victoria Maud], Regia Henry (Jack, killed at Gallipolli 10th Light Horse), Selby Grange (Dood) (deceased), of the Field Artillery. A.I.F.; aged 81 years.

  4. Son Selby Grange Hallett (1895-1925)
    Born at Day Dawn (near Cue) in WA, he enlisted after his brother Jack was killed at Gallipoli. Sadly he suffered from "shell-shock". He tried to commit suicide on the trip home from the war and succeeded gaining release from his trauma in the Swan River at Crawley on 11 June 1925, aged 30. His father died six days letter. Selby Hallett's funeral notice.

    Victoria Maud Hallett (1893-1894)
    She died 15 April 1894 at Norwood, Adelaide.

    Henry R. Hallett's grandfather was John Hallett who arrived in South Australia on the L'Africaine in 1836. He had stations, Wandillo and Wininninie. It was claimed that his was the second white child born in this State. It is also said that the first stone house built in South Australia was erected by the John Hallett. An obituary.

  5. Eleanor Catherine Frances Grange (Dean) (1862-1946).
    Born at Ballarat, she married Frederick Dean (1864-1898)in 1886. Ellenor lived in Blackburn most of her life and died at "The Grange" Springfield Road Blackburn in February 1946. There children included:
    1. Alice Maud Dean (1887-1976). She was born at Ballarat East. In 1919 she was lived at Yalca, The Esplanade, St Kilda. She was probably a domestic servant. In 1924 she was a waitress living with mother and siblings at 56 Mayston St Auburn. In 1931 a counterhand living with her mother at Springfield Road. She was a spinster in 1946 when she was the executor of her mother's will. She died at Murchison in 1976.
    2. Nellie Grange Dean (Hawes) (1888-1980). Born at Creswick. In 1914 she lived at Eilyer Homestead, Woorndoo. She is also listed at the mansion of A. Rutter Clarke in Orrong Road Toorak. In 1919 she is listed at another mansion, Linden in Acland Street, St. Kilda. In 1924 she was a manageress living with mother and siblings at 56 Mayston St Auburn. By 1931 she had married Basil Adrian Hawes (1881-1968), a commission agent. They lived at The Grange with Nellie's mother. In the mid 1950s they moved to Sydney, living at 97 Wyndora Avenue, Harbord and later at Carlton Street Manly. They had a daughter, Eleanor, who died before 1968, and a son William (1919-2008), who's wife was Barbara. Basil died 29 Oct 1968, aged 87 at Manly. Nellie died 20 June 1980 at Manly.
    3. William Frederick Dean (1890-1983). He was born at Clunes. He seemed to have been married to Leila Alice in 1914 and 1919. In 1924 he was a railway employee living with mother and siblings at 56 Mayston St Auburn. I think he then married Sarah and they lived the rest of their lives at 67 Doncaster St Ascot Vale. I think Sarah died in the mid 1960s and that they had a son Frederick George Dean. William died in 1983 at Newport.
    4. Hannah Mary Dean (Grice)(1892-1979). Born at Clunes, in 1919 she was a dressmaker living with sister and mother at 20 Oberon St., Auburn. She married a Mr Grice. In 1972 she lived at sandringham. She died aged 86 at Cheltenham in 1979.
    5. Isabella Acroyd Dean (1895-1902). Born at Clunes, she died aged 7. She is buried at Box Hill.
    6. Henrietta Harriett Dean (1896-?). Born at Frankston, in 1919 she was a dressmaker living with sister and mother at 20 Oberon St., Auburn.
    7. Lewis Acroyd Dean (1898-1966). Born 14 Sept 1898, he worked in the civil construction corp in world war 2 - see his service record. In 1944 he was a labourer living at 8 Hindon St., Blackburn. He married Dorothy Ethel Grant in 1919. A son Albert Lewis Dean was born 8 March 1920. In 1943 he is on the electoral roll as a plasterer's labourer. Perhaps George Acroyd was also their child. Lewis died in 1966

  6. William Richard Alfred Grange (1864-1944)
    Born 1864 Ballarat. W.R. Grange was a policeman. He married Rose Bond (1868-1960). They lived at 31 Bishop Street Brunswick most of their lives. William served in the force from 1886-1924, rising to superintendent - his sudden rise causing some disquiet in 1916. His farewell. He died 23 November 1944. Rose died 9 September 1960. Their children included:
    1. Richard Gordon Grange (1892-1982).
      Born at Brunswick on Christmas Eve 1892, Richard Gordon Grange was a motor mechanic. He enlisted in the 7th Battalion in 1914 and was wounded at Gallipoli. Discharged with a bad shoulder injury he re-enlisted in 1917, this time in the flying corp where he worked on planes at Laverton. His service record is extensive. He married Lilian McGuiness in 1925 Vic reg 104 and lived at Diggers Road Werribee. He was in the RAAF in WW2. In 1967 he applied to the repat and was living at 181 Cashmere Street Ascot Vale. He died in 1982. I have copies of some letters he wrote to his cousin Maude McPherson (nee Meier) during the war.
    2. Violet Grange (1894-1994).
      She Violet married Bruce Iggulden Nelson (1894-1964) in 1920 Vic Reg 4291. They lived at 71 Roughead Street Leongatha for at least 40 years. A daughter Gwen died in infancy in 1921. Their son was Edward (Ted) William Grange Nelson (1923-2004). Bruce served in the 38th Battalion AIF in WWI and also served in WW2. He died age 70 on 4 October 1964. Violet lived to be 100 years of age, passing away 12 November 1994. They are both buried at Leongatha cemetery. The are photos of Bruce, Violet and Ted at
    3. Harold William Grange (1896-1986)
      Born at Carlton, Harold was a motor body builder for Tarrant Motors when in 1915 he enlisted and fought with the 7th Battalion. They were farmers at Lake Bolac. He married Grace Elizabeth Mays Bond (1900-1982) in 1941. He died aged 90.
    4. Olive Grange. (1898-1994).
      Born at Brunswick. Olive married Dan Mehegan (1898-1963) and lived at 9 Athestone St Coburg.
    5. Albert Edgar Grange (1900-?)
      Born at Brunswick, he enlisted when 18 and was in the RAN during WW2.
    6. William Garnet Grange (1902-1927)
      Born and died at Brunswick.
    7. Ethel Mary Grange (1904-2000)
      Born at Brunswick. She narried a Mr Webb abd lived at 6 Rose St West Brunswick in 1944.
    8. James Edward Grange (1906-1963). In 1944 he was living at 31 Bishop Street Brunswick with his mother.
    9. Leslie Robert Grange (1909-1980).
      Born at Brunswick he died in 1980 at St Kilda.
    10. Isobel Muriel Grange (1914-1961), and her twin
    11. Dulcie Grange (1914-1943)..
      Deceased by 1944,

  7. Alice Maud Mary Grange (Meier) (1866-1954)
    Born 1866 in Ballarat, she married Lou Meier at Ararat on 21 January 1890. See the Meier file for more information and a full list of her children. Alice died 29 September 1954 aged 88. Picture of her in the early 1950s.
  8. Albert Horatio Alfred Grange (1868-1961)
    He was born 1868 at Ararat, and died in Perth in 1961, aged 93. He seems to have gone by the name of Alfred. It is thought that he went to "the West" did well, did not marry, and gifted a farm at Pakenham to his nephew Roy Meier.

    When je went west is unknown. There was an A. Grange on a ship from Melbourne to Albany and then Albany to Fremantle in 1891. An A. Grange arrived at Fremantle on SS Gabo on 18 February 1896. An article in the Perth Daily News of 18 April 1898 reports of a Mr Grange, prospector, "taking up a protection area near the west line of the boundary of the Gabanintha line at the Star of the East. Gabanintha and Star of the East became small goldming goldmine settlements in the Peak Hill district of outback W.A. near Nannine.

    In May 1903 he was one of the partners to receive a 20 year lease on the Wallaroo gold mine. The other partners were: Adam William Hosbach, William Edwin Logan, Charles William Mapp and Alfred Grainger (sic). According to a newspaper snippet from 29 September 1904 reads:

    'About one mile and a half north of the Lauriston [mine], is the Wallaroo G.M., on which a vertical shaft has been put down to 65ft. A crushing put through yielded 5 oz.- 12 dwt. per ton over the plates , and the tailings assayed 28 dwt. per ton. The progress made in developing this show is very slow, owing to the great inflow of water. The owners have a vertical boiler and pump on the mine, but require a plant of much greater capacity. A bit of capital is also wanted to open the mine up, for there is little doubt that it would turn out well. At present the prospectors are put to the expense of working the boiler and pump three shifts for the work of one shift, which, taking the expense of fuel, etc. into consideration, places them at a great disadvantage. Messrs. Grainge and Mapp are the prospectors.

    The Wallaroo and the other mines in the district petitioned the WA government for a ore crusher and the Duketon State Battery was opened in 1904.

    Charles Mapp came from Wallaroo South Australia, hence the name of the mine. From the geological survey it looks as though after 393 ounces of gold within two years further mining became uneconomical.

    In the 1903 and 1906 electoral rolls Alfred Grange is listed as an engine driver at the Golden Spinifex gold mine at Duketon in the Erlistoun field. This was more than 80 miles NE of Laverton in the desert.

    In 1910 he was located at the Waverley mine at Siberia, west of the town of Menzies. He did not own that mine, which was quite a large successful enterprise.

    In 1911 an Alfred Grange and a H. Davies were granted nearly 2000 acres of wheat land near Lake Jilakin in WA. The partnership was formally disolved in 1917.

    In the Post Office directories he is listed as a contractor at Dumbleyung between 1912 and 1915. In the 1916 electoral roll he is listed as a prospector at Dumbleyung, which is about 100 miles SW of Lake Jilakin. Dumbleyung was also a wheat town, but without a history of mining.

    In the PO directories he is listed as a farmer of Kulin between 1921 and 1925. Note that Kulin was called Jilakin until 1913. In the 1925 electoral roll Alfred has retired and was living in central Perth at 9 Pier Street.

    At the elections from 1931 to 1949 he resided at Creery Road Mandurah. In 1954 he was at Forrest House Bunbury. By 1958 he returned to reside in Perth and is registered at 2 St Georges Terrace, which looks as though it is also named Forrest House - probably a retirement residence or hospital. He was a benefactor to his nephew Roy Meier at Pakenham back in Victoria, enabling his to buy property in the area. His probate notice in 1961 recorded his address as 1 Rokeby Road, Subiaco.

  9. Mary Grange (Gibb) (1872-1938)
    She was born in Ararat and died aged 65 in Richmond, Melbourne. At the time she lived at "Buangor", 115 Surrey Road Blackburn. She married Edward Gibb on 29 June 1904 at Carlton. The had two daughters, neither of who seemed to marry:
    1. Mary Grange Gibb (1905-1976)
      Born at Flemington. Also known as May she was a typiste/clerk. In 1931 she is listed at "Buangor" Surrey Rd Blackburn with her mother. Later she lived at 4/51 McCulloch St, Nunawading. She died at Donvale.
    2. Ellen Gibb (1908-1939).
      Known as Nellie. She died 24 Sep 1939 at 115 Surrey Road Blackburn.

  10. Ada Emily Grange (Farrell) (1875-1951)
    Born 1875 Ararat. Ada was living at her parents at Middle Creek at least as late as 1903. She married a labourer Matthew Farrell (1873-1952) in 1908. Their children were: Albert Matthew Farrell (1909-1931) and Walter William Farrell (1912-1914). They lived in various houses in inner Melbourne, settling at 32 Parsons Street Newmarket about 1925. Ada died 1951 in Melbourne "aged 74" and is buried at Buangor cemetery .

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This page modified 19 June 2009